Energy efficient urban mobility in Brazil
|Energy efficient urban mobility in Brazil|
Brazil’s fast growing economy and consequent increase in motorization have led to a dramatic escalation of traffic congestion and other negative externalities from automobile use in urban areas. Urban mobility in Brazil is still linked to massive energy and resource inefficiencies, such as comparatively high energy consumption per passenger-kilometer, a relatively high share of individual (car based) transport, and rising external costs due to infrastructure bottlenecks, congestion and low traffic speed. The transport sector is responsible for 44% of the CO2 emissions, being the single largest producer of CO2 in the country. The unattractiveness of alternatives to motorized transport has led to a proportionate decline of public transport and to a progressive marginalization of non-motorized individual transport (NMT).
The Government of the Republic of Brazil is committed to the promotion of sustainable transport, and addressing the challenges by climate change. In 2012, the national policy on urban mobility has set guidelines for sustainable development of urban mobility. However, few cities have the technical, institutional and operational conditions necessary to develop comprehensive plans and projects. The project aims to advice the federal government and the municipalities to establish the preconditions for capturing energy efficiency potential.
The technical cooperation project of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in partnership with the Ministry of Cities aims at the increase of energy efficiency of urban mobility by improving its management and operation. The thematic focus of the project will be travel efficiency, through which it seeks to reduce energy consumption for personal travel based on the “Avoid-Shift-Improve-Approach”. This approach presupposes an improvement in the efficiency of travel and especially transfers of travels to more energy efficient transport modes- basically from individual motorized to public and non-motorized transport. Besides the reduction of energy consumption and GHG-emissions, this will result also in a better quality of live for the Brazilian population.
Results to be achieved
Establish the preconditions for capturing the energy efficiency potentials of urban mobility in Brazilian cities.