TRANSfer - Transfer of climate friendly technologies and measures
|TRANSfer - Transfer of climate friendly technologies and measures|
The tremendous growth of motorised transport is challenging sustainable development worldwide. With 27%, the transport sector already contributes the second highest share of energy-related CO2 emissions globally and is the fastest growing sector in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Improving sustainable mobility is also essential to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and their successors, the upcoming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) offer new opportunities for developing countries in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in their transport sectors.
The TRANSfer project is run by GIZ and funded by the International Climate Initiative of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). Its objective is to support developing countries to develop and implement climate change mitigation strategies in the transport sector as „Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions“ (NAMAs). The project follows a multi-level approach:
- At country level, TRANSfer supports selected partner countries in developing and implementing NAMAs in the transport sector. The NAMAs supported by the project cover a broad variety of approaches in the partner countries Indonesia, South Africa, Peru and Colombia.
- At international level and closely linked to the UNFCCC process, the project helps to accelerate the learning process on transport NAMAs with a comprehensive set of measures (e.g. events, trainings, facilitation of expert groups, documents with guidance and lessons learned such as the transport NAMA handbook and a database, which is an interactive wiki-based portal that provides access to transport NAMAs).
Since GIZ accompanies multiple projects in regards to transport and climate change NAMAs, there exists a need to coordinate and to cooperate more strongly. Therefore, TRANSfer will serve as an umbrella and invite experts in order to develop and use a common NAMA approach. Moreover, this fosters quality assurance, as synergies between projects will be generated and will facilitate a clear external representation. Currently five countries (Indonesia, South Africa, Peru, the Philippines and Colombia) are involved in the project.
Results achieved so far
Insights from three out of five TRANSfer partner countries:
Transport is the third largest source of energy-related CO2 emissions in Indonesia (23%; equivalent to 68 MtCO2-eq in 2005). Due to strong urbanisation and motorisation trends, transport has become a significant challenge for cities in Indonesia. The sustainable urban transport NAMA (SUTRI NAMA) in Indonesia is designed as a national programme by the Indonesian Ministry of Transport, supported by GIZ, that supports in its first phase sustainable urban transport in up to 7 pilot cities. Improving the urban transport situation in Indonesia’s cities will not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but will also contribute to better air quality, economic development and social welfare. The Sustainable Urban Transport NAMA in Indonesia is one of the first projects selected by the British-German NAMA Facility.
Transport related GHG emissions in Colombia result to 40% from road freight transport. Colombia is developing a NAMA that aims to improve the road freight sector. Using a mix of regulatory and economic incentives, the Government of Colombia strives to accelerate the improvement of the freight sector with the aim to improve economic competitiveness and environmental performance of the freight transport sector. In addition to the freight NAMA, TRANSfer started to support the development of a national urban mobility policy, including non-motorised transport measures with the perspective to design a NAMA in this area.
In January 2014, the TRANSfer project initiated the cooperation with the Peruvian government. Transport accounts for 38% of energy-related GHG emissions in Peru, which rose by 50% in slightly more than 10 years. While focusing on sustainable urban transport, the Peruvian NAMA proposal consists of a comprehensive set of mitigation measures: improved integration of transport modes in a first step in Lima/Callao, serving in a second step as a showcase for medium sized cities, modernization of the vehicle fleet used for public and motorised individual transport, all accompanied by several activities to strengthen the overall institutional set-up.