Vehicles, Fuels and Intelligent Transport Systems

Technological improvements can contribute to more sustainable urban transport. This applies both on the level of individual vehicles and on the system level. Approaches on the former include cleaner fuels, inspection and maintenance schemes, or alternative forms of propulsion such as electric mobility. Measures in the latter field are commonly referred to as Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), which includes for example road pricing schemes, traffic management or passenger information systems.

The Role of Open Data in Sustainable Transport

The Role of Open Data in Sustainable Transport

Today, innovative solutions in transport are mainly driven by digital applications. Data, collected by apps themselves or by third parties, is often publicly available and can be used through interfaces in other apps.  Governments and organisations generate data in the form of documents, databases, records, transcripts, etc., but historically this information has not always been available or open to the broader public. Opening data to the public can drive internal efficiency, spark community engagement and fuel a civic tech ecosystem.

First edition: 2015.

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SUTP Module 4a - Cleaner Fuels and Vehicle Technologies

SUTP Module 4a - Cleaner Fuels and Vehicle Technologies

Cleaner fuels and vehicle technologies are key components of any sustainable urban transport system. This module provides a detailed evaluation of cleaner fuels and technologies which can be applied in developing cities. Fuel options are evaluated based on cost and practicality. The role of fuel quality standards is also described.

First edition: 2002.

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SUTP Module 4b - Inspection & Maintenance and Roadworthiness

SUTP Module 4b - Inspection & Maintenance and Roadworthiness

This module provides advice on the types of inspection and maintenance systems appropriate for a developing country and how developing cities can implement an effective I&M system. This is essential to ensure that vehicles are properly maintained, from both an environmental (emissions) and safety (roadworthiness) perspective.

First edition: 2002.

Download here (revised edition, 2011): (Click on the flag for the respective language)

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SUTP Module 4c - Two- and Three-Wheelers

SUTP Module 4c - Two- and Three-Wheelers

Motorcycles are a dominant form of transport in many cities, especially throughout Asia. This document describes the challenges of this trend. It also provides an overview on measures to counter the rising emissions from two-stroke two-and three-wheelers in developing cities, emphasising the experience in Asia.

First edition: 2002.

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SUTP Module 4d - Natural Gas Vehicles

SUTP Module 4d - Natural Gas Vehicles

This decision-maker's guide to natural gas vehicles provides a solid grounding in all the basic concepts of natural gas vehicles, including their operation, economic aspects, environmental aspects and refuelling infrastructure. Case studies from developing cities, including a detailed consideration of experience in Delhi (provided by CSE India), are also provided.

First edition: 2002.

Download here (revised edition, 2005): (Click on the flag for the respective language)

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SUTP Module 4e - Intelligent Transport Systems

SUTP Module 4e - Intelligent Transport Systems

The technologies used collectively for achieving safer, affordable and environmentally friendly transportation systems are called Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). The objective of this module is to display to decision makers the various advantages of different ITS measures and how these systems could be implemented in their cities for best outcomes.

First edition: 2005.

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SUTP Module 4f - Eco-Driving

SUTP Module 4f - Eco-Driving

This module addresses the concept of economic and ecological driving for developing cities. It shows how costs can be reduced (and efficiency increased) by influencing driving behavior. The module addresses various aspects pertaining to driving patterns, advantages of eco-driving and gives clear examples of how these targets have been (and in future can be) achieved.

First edition: 2005.

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SUTP Module 5h - Urban Transport and Energy Efficiency

SUTP Module 5h - Urban Transport and Energy Efficiency

The Module 5h serves as a navigator for decision makers and stakeholders, including local and national authorities, the private sector and non-governmental organisations. It provides a comprehensive overview of measures and policies designed to promote greater energy efficiency in transport, and assigns specific tasks and responsibilities to particular parties. Case studies illustrate international experiences in implementing measures to increase energy efficiency in transport.

First edition: 2012.

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GIZ International Fuel Price Series

GIZ International Fuel Price Series

The bi-annual International Fuel Prices report provides an overview of the retail prices of gasoline and diesel in over 170 countries and thus aims to offer a worldwide comparison. It explores recent trends and case studies on fuel prices and fuel pricing policies in developing countries. Additionally, further publications provide more in-depth analyses of fossil fuel related issues in specific countries. Lastly, the GIZ International Fuel Price Database provides a collection of country factsheets as well as information on technologies, energy use and cross-cutting issues related to global fuel prices and policies.

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    Technical Document - Climate and Environmental Impact Assessment of Electro Mobility in China

    Technical Document - Climate and Environmental Impact Assessment of Electro Mobility in China

    This report provides an insight into the current status and future prospects of the electrification revolution of the motor vehicle industry in China. Environmental impact assessments of pilot projects with hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV) are summarized and further recommendations for tackling China’s climate and environmental challenges are proposed.

    Download here (Version 2.0, 2013): (Click on the flag for the respective language)

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    SUTP Technical Document #15 - Electromobility

    SUTP Technical Document #15 - Electromobility

    In the cities of Asia and Latin America, increasing population density and motorization are leading to a rapid rise in transport and environmental problems. The aim of this paper is to show how E-mobility can help mitigate the challenges, and to derive recommendations for the use of Electromobility in meeting various targets and prerequisites. The paper shows the diverse range of E-mobility applications and provides a snapshot of the various support schemes and pilot projects that have been carried out in recent years.

    First edition: 2016.

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    Technical Document - Introducing Congestion Charging

    Technical Document - Introducing Congestion Charging

    Forty years after its first implementation, congestion charging remains a highly underused policy, even if implemented policies have shown to be highly successful. In this guide, international experts involved in assessing the congestion charging policy for Beijing have summarised their experience with congestion charging and address the two main reasons why congestion charging remains an uncommon policy instrument.

    First edition: 2015.

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    Fact Sheet: Can electricity replace Gasoline? Unlocking the potential of electric two-wheelers in Thailand

    Fact Sheet: Can electricity replace Gasoline? Unlocking the potential of electric two-wheelers in Thailand

    This publication explores why electric motorcycles are still a rare sight on Thailand's streets, and provides recommendations to help speed up their arrival on the asphalt of Bangkok and other cities across the country, and also has relevance to other ASEAN countries. Published in Febrary 2015.

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    Fact Sheet - Good Practice in China: Electric-taxi in Shenzhen

    Fact Sheet - Good Practice in China: Electric-taxi in Shenzhen

    An overview into the introduction of electric-taxis as a cheap and sustainable transport alternative that combines electro-mobility and passenger transport in the southern Chinese metropolis Shenzhen. Published in 2013.

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    Fact Sheet - Sustainable Urban Transport: Avoid-Shift-Improve (A-S-I)

    Fact Sheet - Sustainable Urban Transport: Avoid-Shift-Improve (A-S-I)

    A quick introduction to our approach for sustainable urban mobility. Published in 2011.

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    Fact Sheet - Environmental (EZ) or Low Emission Zones (LEZ)

    Fact Sheet - Environmental (EZ) or Low Emission Zones (LEZ)

    An insight into the trend to combine congestion charging and environmental restrictions in Environmental or Low Emission Zones in cities. Published in 2014.

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    Fact Sheet - Low Emission Zones: Examples from Berlin, London, and Beijing

    Fact Sheet - Low Emission Zones: Examples from Berlin, London, and Beijing

    Different cities across the world have introduced LEZ to manage air quality in urban areas. Well-known examples include the “London Low Emission Zone” and the “Umweltzone” implemented in many German cities such as Berlin. A newly released factsheet further investigates these two examples and the success factors of each policy. Published in 2014.

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    Fact Sheet - Sustainable Mobility Innovations

    Fact Sheet - Sustainable Mobility Innovations

    The world of sustainable mobility is full of innovations. This series presents a variety of new tools, approaches and concepts which are being developed, tested and implemented to make the life of pedestrians, cyclists and public transport users more comfortable.

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      Reading List on Electric Mobility

      Reading List on Electric Mobility

      Perspectives and recommended relevant reading and links on Electric Mobility. Published in 2010.

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      Reading List on Renewables in Rail Transport

      Reading List on Renewables in Rail Transport

      Recommended relevant reading and links on the role of renewables in rail transport. Published in 2014.

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